What is a Concussion?

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What is a Concussion?


What is a Concussion?


A concussion is defined as a traumatic brain injury induced by biomechanical forces. A concussion may be caused by a direct blow to the head, face, neck, or body with an impulsive force transmitted to the head. It is accompanied by rapid onset impairment of neurological function that self resolves over minutes to hours. Clinical symptoms reflect a functional disturbance, and there is NO structural brain injury involved (in most cases, there is no need to MRI).

Symptoms Include:

-headache,

-‘feeling in a fog’

-amnesia

-neurological deficit

-balance impairment

-behavioural changes (irritability)

-slowed reaction times

-sleep difficulty

-feeling drowsy

What to do when suspecting a concussion:

  1. If it is during a sporting event, remove the player from the playing field. This person should be evaluated by a physician or healthcare practitioner.

  2. The individual should not be left alone, and should be monitored hourly for signs of deterioration after injury. They should also not be returned to play or activity on the same day.

  3. Seek advice from a Chiropractor, Physician, or other Health Care provider as soon as possible to rule out more serious injury, and to create a plan to return to activity.

Dr. Elaine Screaton (DC, BSc) is a Chiropractor currently practicing at Synergea Family Health Centre, in Calgary AB. She proudly serves Northwest Calgary. Please seek medical advice for any questions you may have.

All information taken from: McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Dvorak J, et alConsensus statement on concussion in sport—the 5th international conference on concussion in sport held in Berlin, October 2016Br J Sports Med Published Online First: 26 April 2017. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097699


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